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【律师解析】目的港费用纠纷那些事儿

发布时间:2018-06-08作者:法制盛邦李武智律师

目的港费用纠纷那些事儿

Something about Destination FeesDispute

                                 ---图解目的港费用纠纷争议

----an analysis on Destination Fees Disputevia pictures

(原创作品,未经许可不得转载)

(Original piece, reproduction is Not allowedwithout permission)

作者:广东法制盛邦律师事务所 李武智律师

Author: Dick Lee attorney at law, Guangdong EverwinLaw Office

目的港费用纠纷争议,海上货物运输环节项下的争议之一,古老而略带神秘色彩,一直以来频繁困扰货运代理人、承运人。甚至对于一些常见的、知名船东而言,此类争议频繁发生,对于标的不大的案件,通常采取留置货物措施或在商业合作层面解决;对于标的较大的案件,通常循法律途径解决。

DestinationFees Dispute, one of the most commonly seen disputes concerning carriage ofgoods by sea, ancient and slightly mysterious, has been a confusing and vexingproblem for many carriers and agents for a long time. Even for some famous ship-owners,Destination Fees Dispute occurs constantly. For small cases, ship-owners oftenseek settlement by detaining the goods involved or through amicable negotiationout of concern for future cooperation; but for some big cases, ship-owners areusually compelled to resort to litigation.

一、  目的港费用的构成

(Constituentparts of Destination Fees)


二、  目的港费用纠纷案件的主要焦点

(MainFocus of Destination Fees Cases)

三、  目的港费用纠纷案件,海上货物运输合同关系/货运代理关系项下的区别

(DestinationFees Cases: differences between a contract of carriage and an agency contract)

对于目的港费用纠纷而言,海上货物运输合同关系/货运代理关系项下,各项诉讼要点的区别

(Differences between essential issues in Destination Fees Dispute undercontract of carriage and Destination Fees Dispute under an agency contract)



橙色部分:重点解读

四、  诉讼要点的注意事项:

(Importantpoints in litigation)

1、被告的识别、选择:

(Identification of the proper defendant)

被告的识别、选择,其实主要是法律关系的选择,不同的法律关系,证据的挖掘、审查也不同。

The identification of the proper defendant is inessence a choice of legal relationship. Different legal relationships decidedifferent requirements in terms of evidence.

如何识别、选择

How to identify/make a choice

2、义务的履行

(Performance of obligations)

过错方证据的收集工作尤为重要。作为货运代理人也好,作为承运人也罢,每票货物运抵目的港前,必须履行告知委托人(托运人)目的港费用产生的事由、依据以及船公司、码头的收费标准,同时督促委托人(托运人)及时通知收货人提取货物。

Collecting evidence is extremely important. When a shipmentarrives at the discharging port, the cargo forward agent, as well as thecarrier, must advice the shipper of the cause and basis of the destination feesas well as the ship-owner & terminal’s charge standards, and furthermore urgethe shipper to notify the consignee to collect the cargos timely.

3、集装箱超期使用费

(Detention Fee)

根据现有判例,集装箱超期使用费以重新购置一个同类规格集装箱的价值为限;

According to the recent Judgments, the DetentionFee per container should not exceed the cost of buying a new container of thesame kind.

4、堆存费(舱租)

(Demurrage)

考虑到这部分费用的收费主体,现在法院对此审查较为严苛,考察哪一方是收费主体,收费主体有无权限收取该部分费用,对此举证难度较大;

In view of the charging party of such kind of feeand the rigorous assessment of the court in this respect, it is often difficultto discharge the burden of proving the charging party and whether or not thisparty is entitled to collect the demurrage.

5、费用实际支付情况

(Actual payment)

国内货运代理公司通常在与境外的代理公司(目的港的货运代理人)存在合作关系,目的港费用通常是双方按月结费用时一并结算,这就造成了证明国内货运代理公司在证明其实际支付目的港费用时存在困难;同样地,船公司在与目的港码头公司结算时存在同样的问题。

It is common practice that domestic agents are incooperation with agents aboard (destination forward agents) and thatdestination fees are settled along with other fees between both parties on a monthlybasis, which can cause some difficulties in proving that the agent has actuallypaid the destination fees. Likewise, the ship-owner is likely to have the sameproblem when settling the money with the terminal company.

综上,以上是笔者对海上货物运输案件纠纷之一,即目的港费用争议中主要焦点的梳理,如有不同意见,欢迎批评指正。

Above is the author’s review on one of the most commonlydisputes under the contract of carriage by sea, namely destination feesdispute. Any comment or input will be appreciated.

【提示:原创内容,为笔者研习专业心得体会,供业内人士、法律人士交流参考。未经许可,不得以任何方式转载、转发。欢迎提出建议、意见,请联系笔者微信:18718740838、邮箱:dicklwz@163.com

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